Mangalitsa Breed Organization & Registry Inc.
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Serving the Mangalitsa Breed
Official Breed Organization & Registry for Mangalitsa pigs
The Mangalitsa Breed Organization And Registry (MBOAR) was founded on 30 August 2019 in the US.
This is an officially registered breed organization, especially established for the Mangalitsa breed, to educate breeders, establish the registry and maintain the Herdbook for the Mangalitsa pig in the USA. Mangalitsa breeders in other countries may find this information useful and may submit their animals for registration.
The breed was first imported to the US, in 2007 (Swallow Belly from Austria), followed by imports in 2010 (Blonde from Austria), 2011 (Blonde, Red & Swallow Belly from Austria), 2014 (Blonde & Red, from Hungarian lines via the Netherlands) & 2016 (Red & Swallow Belly from Dutch breeders) also from the Netherlands. (Link to the Imports in detail: US IMPORTS)
A significant amount of important information and history on Mangalitsa has been lost in the USA, because there was not an official organization or register operating at the time of importing. All imported Mangalitsa stock arrived with lineage documents but sadly, in some instances, this information has been lost. Moving forward, as subsequent animals were sold across the country for breeding stock, (which were distant relatives of the imported stock), the vital information on the parents and other ancestors was not passed on from the seller to the buyer.
In the last 13 years the breed has been widely dispersed across all of the states. As lineages were not reliably provided to buyers, inbreeding has become a severe problem in the Mangalitsa breed in the USA. Inbreeding creates a host of issues and many pigs are sold as breeding stock that do not show good phenotype; they display physical characteristics that should not be continued. These issues, if allowed to persist, will threaten the future of the breed in the USA.
OUR STARTING POINT
The first and most important task/goal of MBOAR at the moment is to document and record the Mangalitsa pigs that prove lineage back to their imported ancestors, as these animals are the foundation of the Mangalitsa Breed in the US.
After completing this initial crucial step, the organization will make it a priority to document the remaining pure Mangalitsa pigs (which will be a much bigger group) that do not have traceable lineage back to the imported stock.
At this time MBOAR has a very limited number of devoted people who do all the work, each of whom has limited time to dedicate to the tasks of the organization. We appreciate your understanding that the documentation process will take time to establish. The organization will build the Register slowly from the ground up using the forefathers of the imported stock and the imported stock as the foundation.
These Mangalitsa pigs have been successfully added to ZooEasy, the registration software MBOAR uses, so now our focus is to record the offspring of these animals working our way through the generations into the present. The goal is to maintain and increase the number of registered breeding pigs and insure the health of the breed long term especially in the US.
INSURING THE BREED'S FUTURE
The chain of pedigree registration leads directly back to most of the imports. Piglets born to pedigree parents must be recorded if the chain is to continue. If these piglets fall out of the system it is very difficult and expensive to prove their pedigree. By joining MBOAR and registering your pigs you will be part of this important conservation project.
In the near future, the Association will also provide certification of your animals that you plan to sell for meat. (Meat certificate). There are significant premiums available for pedigree pork.
Pedigree registration allows you to sell breeding stock with history and the breed organization will help you as much as possible in selecting the best animals.
The main aim of the American Mangalitsa Breed Organization And Registry (MBOAR) is to ensure the conservation and preservation of the Mangalitsa by:
Conserving and promoting the Mangalitsa Breed in USA
Establishing the Foundation Registry/Herdbook
Maintaining a registry of purebred Mangalitsa Pigs
Encouraging standard breeding practices to secure a healthy future for the breed in the USA
Providing: expert advice on breeding, breed selection based on phenotype, proper raising as well as on education about and marketing of this old world lard breed
Promoting Mangalitsa by publication and research
MBOAR has international connections with several Mangalitsa herd-books such as the Arche Austria (Austrian Herdbook), The BPA, British Pig Association (in which the Mangalitsa pig is included), and the German Registry. MBOAR also has connections with international scientists that work with the Mangalitsa breed.
OF THE MANGALITSA BREEDS
HISTORY OF THE PIG BREEDS IN THE AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN EMPIRE
The development of the different Mangalitsa breed strains took place in Hungary, Austria, Croatia, the northern part of Romania, Slovenia and other countries that were part of the Austro-Hungarian empire. To understand the history of the Mangalitsa, it is important to understand the history of the countries where the breed originated.
The Lápi (Moorland) race originated with Laibacher Moorland pigs and wild boar.
This Lápi race might have been the base for the three aboriginal pig breeds:
1. The blonde Bakonyi pig was probably named after the wooded Bakonyi region near Transdanubia in Hungary.
2. The Alföldi lard-type pigs were named after the region of the Great Hungarian Plain, also known as Alföldi.
3. The red Szalontai pig originated in the area that now is northwest of Romania.
In the late 1700s, early 1800s, spontaneous and conscious breeding started involving the old Serbian very fatty pig breeds: Sumadia (Sumadinka) and Syrmian (sometimes also called Black Mangalica) and three, already extinct, Carpathian Basin pig races, Bakonyi, Szalontai, and Alföldi, which might be originated from old domesticated pigs brought to the Carpathian Basin by ancient Romans. (Bökönyi 1974; Egerszegi et al. 2003)
FAT-TYPE BREEDS WITH CURLY HAIR
Bakonyi and Alföldi were fat-type swine with curly hair, relatively small body weight and roundish body shape. The red Szalontai breed belongs to meat-type pigs, it was a tall, bulky, robust and red-coated race (HANKÓ, 1940).
All these breeds disappeared or were altered by the end of the 19th century, by the time the Mangalitsa became the dominant swine breed.
THE MANGALITSA BREEDS
1. Most likely the Blonde Mangalitsa was formed initially by crossing the small ancient Alföldi pig and the Serbian Sumadia swine, which was bred in the Valley of Morava. Later these pigs were crossbred with the red Szalontai pig and the Bakony pig.
2. The Black Mangalitsa was formed by crossing an unknown breed with the black Croatian Syrmium breed.
3. The Swallow Belly Mangalitsa was formed by breeding the Blonde Mangalitsa with the Black Mangalitsa.
4. The Red Mangalitsa was formed by crossing the Blonde Mangalitsa with the Red Szalontai pig.
The Blonde Mangalitsa is present in the Red and Swallow Belly variety. When a pure Red Mangalitsa is bred to a pure Swallow Belly the litter can be totally blonde. We see very often that the whole litter is of 'strawberry blonde/ginger' coloration, because in both is genetics (Red and Swallow Belly) of the Blonde Mangalitsa.
THE FOUNDATION WAS BUILT - A ROYAL BREED
The first Sumadia stock (10 sows and 2 boars) arrived in Kisjenö in Hungary in 1833 as a gift from Serbian Prince Milos to Archduke József. A document from 1833 notes the transportation of twelve Serbian Sumadia (Sumadija or sometimes called Schumadinka) breeding pigs, 2 boars and 10 sows of this curly-bristled lard breed, from the Serbian Prince Milos Obrenovic (Belgrade, Serbia) to the Archduke Joseph Anton Johann to his Dömäne in Kisjeno (then in Hungary, now Romania).
The Archduke bred these pigs, in some documents also called “Milos-pigs, Sumadia pigs”, famous for their fat, with the leaner Hungarian lard breeds: the Bakonyi (Bakony), Alföldi and Szalontai pig. A combination of these breeds became the Hungarian Blonde Mangalitsa. In the years around 1850, the "Kisjeno genetics" of the Blonde Mangalitsa were spread all over the numerous breeding herds in Hungary for lard production. By end of the 19th century, the Blonde Mangalitsa became virtually the only pig breed of the Austro-Hungarian empire because of their exceptional lard.
This evolved new race, the Blonde Mangalitsa, was larger, heavier and fattened better than its vanishing predecessors, the Alföldi, Szalontai and Bakonyi. In fact, the golden age of Hungarian swine breeding began with the Mangalitsa Breed. Reference: Mangalica an indigenous swine breed from Hungary (Review) & ZSOLNAI et al.: Do Mangalica Pigs of Different Colors Really Belong to Different Breeds & MOE
OF THE MANGALITSA BREEDS
Old drawing from a Szalonta pig in 1910
Old pictures of the Mangalitsa
Describe your image
Old drawing from a Szalonta pig in 1910
THE HISTORY & THE 5 IMPORTS TO THE US:
M A N G A L I T S A R E G I S T R Y
3 S T E P S B E F O R E R E G I S T R A T I O N
The USDA Farm Premise Identification Number (PIN) is a unique identifier that is required to maintain a traceability record of livestock that crosses state lines, enters a USDA slaughterhouse, or to alert and contact when and if there is a health and safety emergency.
Your USDA Farm (PIN) is unique to the address where you raise your animals and is required for your farm ear tag system. This identification will make it possible to keep track of the pure Mangalitsas in the USA in the future.
More information on where to order your Farm (PIN):
RFID EAR TAG
Once you have your USDA Farm (PIN) assigned, you should obtain USDA 840 ear tags for swine (button sized seems best) for each of your registered animals and for any new piglets you intend to register.
There is a great selection of tags and applicators at Valley Vet. We don't recommend a specific vendor over another. However, they offer an extensive inventory of tags and applicators for any type of livestock.
For the ones who are new to pigs, here a good video how and where to tag a pig:
To register a Mangalitsa in the MBOAR herd-book, DNA must be gathered from the breeding animals and the sample number must be submitted during registration. The DNA data will remain on file and be used to show proof of parentage for future piglets by DNA.
Collecting DNA can be done by taking a blood sample, hair sample or tissue sample. Blood and hair sample cards can be ordered from Neogen/GeneSeek.
Here you will find a VIDEO how to take a DNA tissue sample. MBOAR promotes tissue sampling as it is the most animal friendly method and reliable method to collect DNA.
A guideline how to pull hair, take blood or tissue samples and the other information you will need to collect DNA .
- A N I M A L R E G I S T R A T I O N -
N O T E:
DNA samples are collected for future parenting testing
NOT to verify if a pig is pure of breed!
The DNA sample you are required to provide for registry in MBOAR will be used for future parenting testing, not to verify if a Mangalitsa is pure of breed. We receive many inquiries from breeders who believe that MBOAR is going to prove that their animals are pure Mangalitsa and of certain lineage.
All animals to be registered are required to have their DNA recorded in the herdbook/register to prove that their future offspring/breeding stock is a direct descendent of specific parents.
At this time, there is not a breed purity DNA test for Mangalitsa in the US!
MBOAR is working with Neogen (formerly GeneSeek) in Nebraska on this project. A great deal of research is required for such a DNA-Purity Breed test to be established, accurate and available thus it will probably take more than 2 years before it is readily available.
Please read the part of which animals qualify to get registered at the moment here:
For international members who want to register their animals, different regulations are required, as countries outside the US use different ear tag systems.
When you are outside the US and have proof of purity by lineage information back to the European Mangalitsa Herd-books or imports it is possible to register your animals at MBOAR.
Please contact MBOAR for more information: firstname.lastname@example.org
If you have animals without traceability back to one of the European herd-books or imports, registration at the moment is not possible. We would like to invite you to become an MBOAR International Member meanwhile. As soon as the foundation group is added to the register, we can start to look at the other animals.
For more information can contact: email@example.com
It is always required that animals can be individually identified by ear tag or ear notch system. Also the DNA sample (hair, blood or tissue) submitting to MBOAR in the US is required to be able to identify an animal.
R E G I S T R Y S O F T W A R E
As a responsible breeder you should maintain records of various information for all of your breeding animals. . Keeping track of lineage, health, performance, farrowing and character is information that is essential for the breed’s future in general. MBOAR has determined that ZooEasy is the best software to create and maintain the lineage records. The BPA (British Pig Association) and many other pig breed organisations use this software for their own registers.
ZooEasy provides a wide range of data that can be recorded including; identification number, father, mother, date of birth as well as multiple pictures of an animal. One can also register the animal’scharacteristics, health information, breeder and current owner.
BREEDING RESULTS & CALCULATION
The ZooEasy program is able to calculate the inbreeding percentage of the descendants of a boar and sow in advance. It is also possible to create a relationship matrix generating one clear table with the relationship percentages between multiple animals. The more generation data of animals that is recorded, the more accurate the calculations will be. The inbreeding percentages tool is useful in two ways; to make responsible choices regarding which animals should be bred together and where to find the best matching breeding partner. The calculations are provided by the Wageningen University and Research Center in the Netherlands. They use the Wright’s equation
The health of our Mangalitsa pigs is especially important, because the genetic pool of the breed in the USA is very small. Only a few animals were imported from Europe and new imports will likely not happen in the near future due to ASF (African Swine Fever - in Europe). There are no quarantine export-facilities in Europe that are operated by the government like we have in the USA making importing challenging. These facilities will first need to be built before a pig can go into the required quarantine for a minimum of 8 week before exported to the USA. Exporting/importing breeding pigs is a very complicated, time consuming and therefore expensive operation. It is obvious that we have to be extra careful with the genetics we have in our country.
The ZooEasy program saves the results of tests and vet visits in your personalized online medical archive. MBOAR can store almost any information that you consider pertinent regarding your stock in the Registry. (Additional fees will apply for extra services). If you wish to analyse your records, a print-out of the selected data can be sent to you. ZooEasy will give us, as breeders, better insight into the breed, providing a basis for research to detect illnesses and other valuable information. For example, the service can estimate which animals are responsible for a certain deviation and calculate inbreeding percentages in advance. For MBOAR it is an absolute must to have clear documentation of each animal’s lineage and health record, so breeders can be advised in how to create a strong and healthy breed.
The central database of ZooEasy is protected from unwanted access. They currently manage the information of thousands of customers internationally and privacy is a priority. Information, such as texts, pictures and files will not be shared by ZooEasy. Every 24 hours they backup all of the files.
ALL ABOUT THE MANGALITSA
- Information - Education - Registration - Marketing -
More details will follow in the next few months!
MBOAR thrives to provide as much information as possible about different important subjects concerning the Mangalitsa pig to our members and people who are interested in this beautiful old lard breed. As we mentioned is this a very young organisation and our administrators’ time is limited.
At this point the primary focus is to build the Registry/Herdbook so we do not lose even more history on our animals.
Populating the record on this website is an ongoing process and we hope you will be patient with us while we establish this organization that will ultimately protect the breed and serve you as a dedicated breeder.
For MBOAR to be reputable, thorough steps must be taken. Meanwhile we will share links to other websites that are helpful and provide good information on the breed.
For the ones who love to become a member & support this beautiful old lard breed MBOAR offers several options.
MBOAR is a non-profit organization. Our membership dollars are used to aid the promotion, development and operations of the Mangalitsa breed and maintain the Breed Organization & Registry.
How to become a member:
The list of MBOAR members you will find here: